Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly. Antimony is a poisonous element with toxic properties that mimic those of arsenic. Numerous reports describe gastrointestinal complications of vomiting, diarrhea and stomatitis associated with antimony exposure. However, antimony toxicity from the use of tartar emetic as a treatment for alcohol abuse has never been described previously Antimony is used as a part of the therapy for these conditions and can sometimes have toxic side effects that lead to pancreatitis and cardio toxicity. Health Dangers of Antimony. In general, how your body reacts to a toxic level of antimony will depend on how you were exposed
. Each peer-reviewed profile identifies and reviews the key literature that describes a hazardous substance's toxicologic properties. Other pertinent literature is also presented, but is described in less detail than the key studies Nam et al (2009) investigated the acute toxicity antimony potassium tartrate to the invertebrates M.macrocopa and S.mixtus. The generated LC50 values of 8.95 mg/L (48h) and 4.92 mg/L (24h), respectively, cannot be considered reliable for the hazard assessment of antimony and antimony compounds
Toxicity can also result from repeated exposure to antimony in medications, such as tartar emetic (antimony and potassium tartrate), used to induce vomiting and in treatment of helminthic and fungal infestations. The industrial use of antimony has not appeared to be associated with serious occupational poisoning Antimony in the Body The major toxic side-effects of antimonials as a result of therapy are cardiotoxicity (~9% of patients) and pancreatitis, which is seen commonly in HIV and visceral leishmaniasis co-infections. Low doses cause headaches, nausea, dizziness and depression Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and.. Antimony is a rare element part of the metalloid group in the periodic table. It roughly makes up about 0.00002 percent of the Earth's crust. The metal is usually alloyed with other alloys to increase its viability in the manufacturing industry where it is used to help make certain semiconductor devices Antimony trioxide is classified as a carcinogen in the state of California. It has also been listed as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Breathing air contaminated with antimony can cause eye and lung irritation, heart and lung damage, stomach pains, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ulcers
Antimon, chemický prvek Sb. Popis, fyzikální a chemické vlastnosti, reakce prvku. Výskyt v přírodě, výroba a využití antimonu. Zařazení antimonu v periodickém systému prvků Antimony toxicity typically occurs either due to occupational exposure, during therapy or from accidental ingestion. It is unclear if antimony can enter the body through the skin.  The presence of low levels of antimony in saliva may also be associated with dental decay Antimony toxicity & genetics. Some people are genetically predisposed to antimony toxicity, this is because certain genes belonging to liver detoxification pathways that normally deal with antimony detoxification have been deleted, in these cases a genetics test can confirm and a specialized nutritional program can help the individual detoxify. Antimony pentasulphide (Sb 2 S 5) has much the same uses as the trisulphide and has a low level of toxicity. Antimony trichloride (SbCl 3 ), or antimonous chloride (butter of antimony) , is produced by the interaction of chlorine and antimony or by dissolving antimony trisulphide in hydrochloric acid Display Name: Antimony EC Number: 231-146-5 EC Name: Antimony CAS Number: 7440-36- Molecular formula: Sb IUPAC Name: stiban
Background. Antimony is a metalloid and will react as a metal and nonmetal Shares many similar properties with arsenic; Used to treat leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis. Most reported cases are due to complication of treatmen Antimony is thought to exert its toxic effects due to inactivation of various thiol-containing proteins and enzymes; Stibine. Most toxic form of antimony; Colorless gas that is formed when antimony reacts with hydrogen Can result when mixing drain cleaners containing sodium hydroxide in areas with antimony ore; Can result in massive hemolysis; Toxicokinetic
Antimony substances have known intrinsic toxicological properties which require a certain number of conditions to be respected in order to ensure safe use. Some of these conditions are implemented through dedicated legislation, to which producers, distributors and users are expected to demonstrate compliance. Some legislations are historic (environmental toxicity has been assumed for antimony. Antimony (Sb) and its compounds are toxic to humans with potential carcinogen effects (Filella et al., 2009; Friberg et al., 2005; Gebel et al., 1997; Hammel et al., 2000) Antimony is a metal in group Vb of the periodic system, just below arsenic, with which it shares several chemical and toxicological properties. Considered to be a non-essential trace element, it occurs naturally in the trivalent and pentavalent states with sulphur, mainly as stibnite ore (Sb2S3).1 Antimony's main applications are industrial—it is used in alloys for hardening lead (for. the past, antimony compounds have been used therapeutically as an anti-helminthic and anti-protozoic treatment. This practice has been largely discontinued as a result of antimony toxicity. Antimony exists in valences of 0, -3, +3, +5. The tri- and pentavalent forms are the most stabl
The chemical behaviour of antimony is as complex as that of arsenic, its neighbour in the periodic table (Wiberg, 1985). It is speculated that antimony could be a natural co-contaminant with arsenic in some drinking-waters (Gebel, 1999b). Soluble forms of antimony (and arsenic) tend to be quite mobile in water, whereas less soluble specie Pentavalent antimony resides in the plasma, has a relatively short half-life on the order of hours to days, and is eliminated predominantly through the kidneys. Reported symptoms after toxic antimony exposure vary based upon route of exposure, duration and antimony source and may include abdominal pain, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, dermatitis and. Antimony (chemical symbol: Sb) is a chemical element. In its elemental form is a silvery white, crystalline solid.1 Antimony is used as an ingredient in Potion-making in its molten form is also used as a potion ingredient.2 Antimony reaches its melting point at 630.63°C (1167.13°F). Given this, it is most likely that liquid Antimony is a not-so-common potion ingredient, or else that it is.
Antimony is toxic. Its toxicity is similar to arsenic, although it is less toxic than arsenic. Breathing in antimony dust can be very dangerous. Antimony reacts with strong oxidizing agents. Small amounts of antimony come out of plastic bottles where antimony was used as a catalyst. Some people were concerned that too much antimony was coming out Inhalation Pulmonary toxicity Dusts and fumes of antimony trisulphide are irritant to the respiratory tract and mucous membranes and inhalation causes laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis, rhinitis, epistaxis and bronchitis (Renes, 1953). However, most reports are of concomitant exposure to antimony trioxide produced from smelting antimony.
Carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide. Antimony and its oxides. SECTION 11: Toxicological information . 11.1. Information on toxicological effects Acute toxicity (oral): Toxic if swallowed. Acute toxicity (dermal) : Not classified Acute toxicity (inhalation) : Not classified . Potassium Antimony Tartrate, Trihydrate (28300-74-5) LD50 oral rat 115 mg/k SECTION 11: Toxicological information 11.1 Information on toxicological effects Acute toxicity LD50 Oral - Rat - > 34,600 mg/kg(Antimony trioxide This is because Antimony (chemical symbol Sb) has two valences: Sb+3 and Sb+5. Sb+3 is the more toxic but is mostly excreted in feces. Sb+5, less toxic, binds less well to body tissues and is excreted mostly in urine. Antimony can be assimilated by inhalation of Sb salt or oxide dust, ingested with (contaminated) foods or fluids, or absorbed transdermally. Inhalation may occur in industrial areas where smelting or alloying is done (usually with copper, silver, lead, tin)
Cín (chemická značka Sn, latinsky Stannum) patří mezi kovy, které jsou známy lidstvu již od pravěku především jako součást slitiny zvané bronz.Má velmi nízký bod tání a je dobře kujný a odolný vůči korozi. Nachází využití při výrobě slitin (bronz, pájky, ložiskový kov), v potravinářství při dlouhodobém uchovávání potravin (pocínování konzerv. Antimony toxicity depends on exposure dose, duration, path (breathing, eating, drinking or skin contact), other chemical exposures, age, sex, nutritional status, family characteristics, lifestyle and health status. Conclusion: Antimony has some useful but undoubtedly harmful effects on health and well-being, and measures must be taken to. Antimony(III) oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb 2 O 3.It is the most important commercial compound of antimony.It is found in nature as the minerals valentinite and senarmontite. Like most polymeric oxides, Sb 2 O 3 dissolves in aqueous solutions with hydrolysis.A mixed arsenic-antimony oxide occurs in the nature as the very rare mineral stibioclaudetite
Antimony (Sb) is a toxic metalloid that occurs widely at trace concentrations in soil, aquatic systems, and the atmosphere. Nowadays, with the development of its new industrial applications and the corresponding expansion of antimony mining activities, the phenomenon of antimony pollution has become an increasingly serious concern. In recent years, research interest in Sb has been growing and. Here, we reported a new zero-dimensional ionic antimony halide inorganic-organic hybrid structure, H3SbBr6(L)6 (L = 2-(3-methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium-1-yl)acetate). The inorganic component is a molecular SbBr63− anion with an octaheral geometry for the metal. Each individual anion is surrounded by six organic l A number of phytochemicals (polyphenols, etc.) decrease lead toxicity. In turn, laboratory data demonstrate that zinc and selenium compounds significantly reduce toxicity of lead, arsenic and cadmium Toxicity to fish, LC50 Species: Pimephales promelas (flathead minnow) Dose: 21.9 mg/l. Exposure time: 96 h. For antimony ion (Sb +3) Toxicity to daphnia and Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea) other aquatic invertabrates, Dose: 18.8 mg/l. LC50 Exposure time: 48 Reproductive toxicity -- Antimony: Antimony is a suspected reproductive toxicant and exposure to it has the potential to negatively affect the human reproductive system. Antimony is used mainly to fireproof materials such as rubber and plastics. It is also used to make metal alloys, pigments and in the semiconductor industry
ANTIMONY is spontaneously flammable in fluorine, chlorine, and bromine. With iodine, the reaction produces heat, which can cause flame or even an explosion if the quantities are great enough [Mellor 9:379 1946-47]. Even at 10° C. bromine trifluoride reacts with antimony incandescently. Bromine trifluoride reacts similarly with arsenic, boron. Antimony poisoning primarily occurs due to inhalational or oral exposure to the metal antimony and can be diagnosed both as acute toxicity or toxicity resulting over a long period of toxin exposure.This condition leads to a multitude of symptoms, affecting the respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, as well as the skin and eyes
Antimony displays four oxidation states: -3, 0, +3, or +5. The +3 state is the most common and stable one. Antimony is classified as a non-metal or metalloid, although it has metallic characteristics in the trivalent state. This evaluation will only cover antimony, selected inorganic antimony compounds and antimony potassium tartrate (see Table 1) Antimony toxicity? A friend of mine recently got her hair tested for heavy metal poisoning at a reputable lab. The test came back with very high levels of antimony. Her hair is dyed in certain places but said she took hair samples from areas where there was no dye. Still, I think hair dye could be a confounding factor here Antimony potassium tartrate - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information Note : See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data * Antimony Trioxide can cause headaches, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, dry throat, and loss of sleep. Chronic Health Effects The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to Antimony Trioxide and can last for months or years: Cancer Hazard * Antimony Trioxide may be a CARCINOGEN in human
Posts: 184 Registered: 30-10-2017 Location: Ammonia Avenue Member Is Offline Mood: No Moo Prolonged and excessive inhalation exposures to antimony trioxide may result in respiratory effects, antimony pneumoconiosis, pulmonary fibrosis, inflammation of the lungs, airway obstruction, broncospasms potassium antimony tartrate in drinking water at 0 or 5 mg/L (5 ppm) for 540 days (18 months). Lifespans were significantly reduced in both males and females, but the degree of antimony toxicity was less severe in mice than rats. Bradley and Fredrick (1941) and Browning (1969 Antimony Toxicity. Heavy Metals / 30/07/2018 10/06/2019. Sources of Antimony. Possible sources of antimony include: Flame retardant in plastics and textiles (bedding and children's pyjamas) Flame retardant in curtains, upholstery and carpets. Incinerators. Smelters